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Christmas in Italy
Songs & Lyrics
The Nativity
Christmas Day
The Christmas Tree
The bagpipers
The Befana
Santa Claus
New Year
The Night before
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Of Christmas
The Christmas Snake
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The bagpipers (Zampognari)

A delightful tradition, now finding renewal in Italy, is the ushering in of the December festivities by the zampognari or bagpipers. They descend from the mountains in the regions of Abruzzo and Calabria filling the air with anticipation for the joyous celebration to come as they play adataptations of old hill tunes such as Cantata dei Pastori. In Rome they play at various sites including the Christmas market at the historic Piazza Navona, at the Spanish Steps, and at the entrance to St. Peter's Square.

Figures of the zampognari are very popular in nativity scenes and you can find many representations of them in the creche shops in Naples

Christmas Eve is a time for viewing Italy's artistic and elaborate manger scenes or presepe. They consist of figurines, in clay or plaster, of the infant Jesus, Mary and Joseph. An ox and ass are nearby because legend has it that they warmed the child with their breath. It is around this basic focal point that individual artisans create their own intricate landscapes. There may be grottoes, small trees, lakes, rivers, the lights of "Bethlehem" in the background, angels hung from wires, and occasionally, even local heroes. The most beautiful Cribs are set up in churches, especially in Naples. There is often a contest between churches of the same town for the best Crib. People go from church to church to view and compare the Nativity scenes.




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